ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: Documents of Ethylbenzene
EPA states that the primary cause of EB in drinking water is released from petroleum refineries. The overall population is predominantly exposed to EB from the breathing of ambient air. This is due to the direct discharge of EB into the air by the burning of industrial processes or fossil fuels, and separating into the air from other means. The separating into the air or water of EB would play a role in exposure to residents living near harmful waste locations.
In addition to breathing exposure, ingestion of EB may also happen because trace amounts have been found in water supplies and numerous food items. Overall suggestions for decreasing absorption of EB after contact include: take away the exposed individual from the polluted location and remove the soiled clothing. Removal of the person from the cause of pollution is a primary urgency along with appropriate air circulation and cardiac monitoring. If the skin and eyes were exposed, they should be flushed with water. Emesis or lavage is not suggested after oral exposure due to the hazard of aspiration pneumonia. Activated charcoal can be given to adsorb EB.
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